The name Vebo chose to adopt itself by doing the necessary legal procedures because it was so (incorrectly) used to saying its name to the public. Her real name was Sofia Bebu. Born in Gallipoli, Eastern Thrace, on February 10, 1910, her father Athanasios G. Bebos (1864-1944), originally from Tsaritsani, had settled there working as a smoker. In 1912 her family relocated to Constantinople, where her brother George (1914-1969) was born, who was called George, her sister Alice (1913-1993) and her younger brother Andrew (1919-1989). In 1914, with the signing of the Greek-Turkish Population Exchange Agreement signed by the government of Eleftherios Venizelos, her family was forced to leave Constantinople and returned to Tsaritsani and from there permanently settled in Volos.

In Volos, Efi Bebo, as she was fond of saying, was forced to work to help her family after her circular studies. So he started working as a cashier at the Floria store in Volos. At the same time she liked the music and bought a guitar with the help of her friend Maritsa Hassap.

In September 1933 he decided to go to Thessaloniki to find his brother George studying there to send a letter. So, taking her guitar, she boarded the "KEFALLINIA" submarine where she started singing with her guitar during her journey. In no time at all, all the passengers of the ship and the crew were around her and applauded for her voice. This was, in theory, Sofia's first public appearance.

Among the passengers was an artistic director who, as she listened to her, was so excited that she finally approached and introduced her, Constantine Tsimpas, the greatest impresario of Thessaloniki, (later proved to be an agent of the Germans), who proposed to Bebo with her arrival in Thessaloniki to work in the big cosmic center ASTORIA. Arriving Bebo in Thessaloniki, where her brother was waiting for her, she discussed Chiba's proposal, so with that consent Bebo began her first artistic appearances the following night, with the audience continuing their program with their constant applause.

Start of career

Within just a week, her fame has reached Athens, where she is immediately offered a chance to appear in Fotis Samartzis' theater. Bebo, informing her parents who did not object, accepted the proposal, and on October 25, 1933, she was on the Athenian stage of the "Central" theater, by Fotis Samartzis, in Kolokotronis square, participating in the inspection "33 Papa" troupe Samartzi - Miliadi.

In this review, Bebo was presented as a gypsy with a guitar with which she performed her first song, "A Woman Passed". Her success was staggering when she finally bowed and passed her guitar on the shoulder to the backstage, her other actors shouting

- Wherever you go, you don't hear the world calling you "beige"

- And what do I care if they yell at me? Bebo responded, unaware of what the term meant.

It took Bebo four times to repeat this song during the premiere in order to satisfy the crowd that was greeted and applauded. At the end of the show, all the actors congratulated her saying "well done you", including Orestis Makris, Marika Nezer, Fotis Argiropoulos and others.

He then signed a contract of 10,000 drachmas a month, astronomical for that time for a singer and for a theatrical period. It should be noted that in this performance Paul Noor baptized her artist Sophia Vebo (instead of Efi Bebo). Since that first performance, Sofia Vebo's artistic development has been frenetic.

Pre-war career

This first major recognition of Sofia Vebo in the Athenian public caused her to renew her contract and appear in two theaters, "Central" and "Mundial". But her fame has reached Egypt where Vebo responds to an invitation to appear at the Grand Trianon in Alexandria, where she has achieved enormous success. Returning, in 1934 she continues her performances at Samartzi's Summer Theater on Karolou Street with new songs written for her and immediately becoming hits such as "My Black Eyes", "Don't Ask for a Kiss", and with her Alice's sister.

Vebo's first recordings were made at Parlofon after the initial refusal of A. Vitalis, the head of Columbia, on the grounds that Vebo's voice departed from the established soprano legend style. But when he realized how wrong he was with the great success of "Don't Ask for a Kiss" he immediately rushed to Vebo and signed a long-term contract. Thus all subsequent songs were recorded by Columbia in 78-speed records with the first being "I Love You" (by K. Nikolaidis and K. Giannidis), which had similarly huge success. The same year (1934) was followed by the song "For your kiss on the stern".

In 1935 Vebo sings "Let's Die" whose lyrics were her own, which was a new great success. Then almost all of the lyricists recruited her to write songs with Kostas Giannides first and composer Sujiul. So this year comes the songs "Let Me Drink", (lyrics and music by K. Giannidis), "Here's Why I Still Love You", (also lyrics and music by K. Giannidis), "You Have Nothing, But You Have Something "(By N. Nicolaides and N. D'Angeli), and" If You Love Me Don't Tell Me. "

In 1936 Vebo's new hits all over Athens are "I'm sorry I beg your pardon" and "Something pulls me close" (by Amy Savvidis, Gaitanou and M. Souyoul).

1937 is a milestone in Vebo's career. In addition to recording her new songs "For a Woman" and "Goodbye" in the Autumn, she is invited to Egypt for a second time to appear in Alexandria's Grand Trianon. During her performances there, Vebo accepts the proposal of film producer Togo Mizrahi, with whom she signs a contract and participates in the film Refugee. At the same time of the contract, N. Papadopoulos of the Santiago cinema offices received an immediate US order for an urgent realization in Athens of a cinematic "shorts" [3] in which the popular Diaz bis Sophia Vembo must sing. in the new season of American cinema areas inhabiting Greeks. Vebo, who was loyal to her contracts, told Papadopoulos that she would have to pledge her contract so she would have to ask Mizrahi for permission.

1938 marked the golden year of Sofia Vebo. On her return from Egypt on February 15, 1938, she stayed in Piraeus for two days in order to be fortunate enough to meet Mizrahi's financier, Beha, who was heading to Italy on a ferry to Piraeus. Eventually the meeting took place, in the presence of Papadopoulos, [3] but permission was granted except for the shorts to be shot from the National Garden, and from the Nymphs Hill overlooking the Acropolis began after Vebo's return from Istanbul where he appeared upon invitation. at the Maxim Cosmic Theater with huge success there.

At the same time, S. Vebo's record label successes this year are staggering. The Columbia Company in its new contract transfers 10% of the profits from the sale of each record, which is the first time that all others have been paid flat-rate for each disc. In the summer of 1938, Vembo sings "Some Secret" and "Weeping" at the Samartz Theater, which has been audited by Sirouette, in lyrics by Kofiniotis and music by Leo Rapiti, followed by "Zehra" in lyrics. Savvidis also in Sugiyul music, which was a great success. Followed by "I will wait for you", by Th. In the summer of the same year, a radio antenna was installed in Zappeion, Athens, where Vebo's songs constituted the first experimental broadcast. On Christmas Eve 1938, Sophia Vebo sings in the great sundeck of the "Sandeclair" in Cyprus. He also collaborated with the great Cypriot musicians Michalakis and Antonakis Yasemides.

In 1939 Sophia Vebo has already established herself as the first singer of Greek light song. The "Shorts" film shot last year entitled "Hell of 1938 Speaks", where it was literally a journal and featured two songs [4], literally breaks American cinema funds while seeking Latin American copycats. It is noted that the Greek company M. NOVAK Co. was the curator of this film.

Meanwhile, her theatrical performances continue with new record releases, initially at the Samartzis Theater with the songs "How Sorry" (by V. Spiropoulos and K. Giannidis) and "Tell Me the Truth", while in the Summer continuing at the Theater the two tango "At the Beach" and "Winter", both of which became successful. On the eve of the Christmas of 1939, Vebo is at its peak when, in the "Nani - Nani" review, she sings the homonymous song whose chorus left her with the color of her voice implicitly, noting great success. Shortly before the end of the year, Vebo had met the great jazz composer, Apostolos Moschouti, whose song was "Two Flowers at One Side".

In 1940 he rose with the clouds of war, many countries have already been occupied by the Axis powers. In Greece, the first violations of national airspace by Italian airplanes are noted. In January, at the Mundial Theater, the "Cease Fire" inspection has been staged, with S. Vebo singing her new hit "The New Moon" (by A. Sakellariou and G. Kyparissi). During that inspection, S. Vebo also met Georgia Vassiliadou, where she promised to help her with her talent. A little later the song "Psaropoula" (by Ch. Giannakopoulos and Ch. Heropoulos) becomes the new big success. In the summer goes up the review "Evening Madness" in which Vebo sings the wonderful waltz "In the morning you wake me up with kisses" (by H. Giannakopoulos and G. Kyparissis). In the meantime, S. Vebo was looking for a song with a local idiom of the Greek countryside, but her request was prompted by some of her elementary classmates, but she eventually chose one of her area that her mother allegedly sang along to some lyrics. with the help of Moschoutis. It was the song "St 'Larry' Come Out 'Aegean." When Vebo finished it with great enthusiasm, perhaps out of a load of memories, she gave it to K. Giannidis, just to play it in rehearsal, and when he read it she strongly denied it:

-Are you good my Wisdom to play this song? I quit!

However, after the persistence of Sofia and the theatrical entrepreneur A. Makedon, K. Giannidis finally started playing it with a cold heart. The first performance that followed was a breakdown. Theatrical audiences four times (beige) forced Sophia Vebo to return to the stage. When the businessman asked K. Giannides his opinion after that performance, he replied:

- "But didn't you see? She sang it to us with a sketch that didn't reach the stage, she sang it on the piano, we sang it on the piano, she sang it with her back to the audience, only on the back that she didn't sing it!

It should be noted that exactly the same thing happened later with the song "Anakasia".

On October 28, 1940, at 10:00 am, where the radio program of Zappio would resume broadcasting songs by S. Vebo, the announcer Costas Stavropoulos interrupted the flow of the program and made that historic announcement of the attack by the Italian forces against the Greek forces. of days. The Greek-Italian war had begun.

Vebo in the war

The explosion in her career came with the declaration of war on October 28, 1940. At that time, all inspections adjusted their themes to current warfare and the songs were rewritten with patriotic lyrics. Vebo sings satirical and war songs and becomes the national voice that animates Greek soldiers on the front and shakes Panhellenic. At the same time, in a symbolic act, he offered the Greek Navy 2,000 gold pounds. As the Nazi troops entered Athens, he was disguised as a nun in the Middle East [5], where he continued to sing for the Greek and Allied troops there.

Post-war successes

Sofia Vebo with Evangelos Kalantzis at a Royal Gendarmerie event.

In 1949 it acquired its own theater house in the Metaxourgio, the "Vebo Theater". After a long relationship with Mimie Triforos, they finally married in 1957, a multifaceted relationship that lasted until her death and was a catalyst for the great performer. In the mid-'60s it diluted its theatrical performances, which ceased to exist at the beginning of the following decade. On the night of the Technical University, Vebo opens her home and hides students whom she refuses to deliver when security knocks on her door. Her appearance at the event held in Kalimarmaro for the return of Democracy, singing: / Children of Greece children and tanks kneeled down the night ..., came to soothe the sad impressions of her presence on the ill-fated chariots Colonels a few years ago in the same area [6] She died of a stroke on March 11, 1978 and her funeral was transformed into a pandemonium rally. The Victorious Singer [7] is deposed that day by the Greek people who considered her heroine.

Typical interpretations

The memory of S. Vebo at the First Cemetery - AthensThe inscription of M. Traiforos on the memory of Sophia Vebo

My love, the time is right

My man

Tonight I remember you

Winter has begun again

Let it be for a few minutes

Let the old world say

Let me drink

Ah, the old days were back

Duce puts on his uniform

Violinist gypsy

Not this life is not

You have nothing but you have something

I'm not crying anymore

I don't know what your heart is hiding

Irene

Zealous

I would be sitting by your side

I wish it could be done

New life now

Have a nice trip

Courage my Greece

Some secret

Someone Somewhere Sometime

Something pulls me close to you

And if you love me don't tell me

Are you crying

Corridor Mussolini

Wine

Lodra, Paris, New York

I like

Maritana

Maro, Maro

Don't leave again

Single scales

That's why I still love you

Here is Athens

To get the clouds

Don't go again

Nanny-nanny

John and Pagona

The month is thirteen

Omonia Plus

Wherever you go you'll remember

When the swallows turn

Always together

Children, Greek children

Homeland (Better one hour free life)

Past

I'm so sorry

I'll never tell you

Appointment in Athens

I love you because you're the only one

I love you and I love life

Turn off the light and full of peace

Souvenir d'Aten

Rare song

At the beach

The Italian goes out in the war

I'm sorry, sorry

Cigarette case

The new moon

In the morning you wake me up with a kiss

The song of freedom

Moria's song

The moon is red

Ferric

Winter

Villages

Falsely came out of what I dreamed

Movie theater

Sofia Vebo has starred in the Greek films "The Refugee Girl" (1938) in the role of Sofia Nakou, "Stella" (1955) in the role of Maria and in the 1959 film "Stournara 288" in the double role of the elderly piano teacher (never famous Jenny Blanche) and Sofia Vebo. The scene in which the two women meet and sing together remains characteristic.

Sources:"Papyrus Larous Britannica Encyclopedia" vol. 14th, page 17.
ERT: "Sofia Vebo 100 Years After Her Birth" Special Radio Tribute - October 2010.
"The Backstage" (weekly critique art magazine - 16-7-1938) issue 98.
Yiannis Soldatos: "History of Greek Cinema" vol. 4th - Athens.
News of her death, Macedonia, March 12, 1978.
Lambros Liavas, The Greek Song: From 1821 to the 1950s, Issue 354Empirical Bank of Greece, Athens 2009, pp. 178-187
Takis Kalogeropoulos, "Vebo Sofia" in the Dictionary of Greek Music, vol. 1, ed. Gialelli, Athens, 1998,